In The Unknown Known, Errol MORRIS offers a mesmerising portrait of Donald RUMSFELD who served as George W. BUSH's secretary of defence and as the principal architect of the Iraq War. It presents history from the inside out and shows how the ideas, the fears, and the certainties of one man, written out on paper, transformed America, changed the course of history - and led to war.
Twelve years in the making, Shoah is LANZMANN's monumental epic on the Holocaust and features interviews with survivors, bystanders and perpetrators in 14 countries. The film does not contain any historical footage but rather features interviews which seek to "reincarnate" the Jewish tragedy and also visits places where the crimes took place.
A documentary turns into a cinematic Revision. Like a puzzle, the film puts together the facts around the death of two men in a field at the German Polish border in 1992. Director Philip SCHEFFNER composes an increasingly disturbing pattern of landscape and memory, witness testimonies, documents and investigations.
1975. In Rome, Claude LANZMANN filmed Benjamin MURMELSTEIN, the last President of the Jewish Council in the Theresienstad. 2012. Claude LANZMANN exhumes these interviews shot in Rome and returned to Theresienstad, a "model ghetto", chosen by Adolf EICHMANN. The Last of the Unjust provides an unprecedented insight into the genesis of the Final Solution.
An early Krzysztof KIEŚLOWSKI's film that describes how the Party Control Committee cross-examines a Party member threatened with expulsion from the Party. The life-story of the accused is a fictional one - although the man playing the role had experienced something similar in his own life - while the Party Control Committee is real.
In his first documentary, IMAMURA Shohei follows one case of a growing phenomenon of working Japanese men who are sent to other cities while their families are left behind disappear completely. It concerns HAYAKAWA Yoshie, whose fiancé vanishes from sight, leaving behind shadowy evidence of his past, casting darkness over HAYAKAWA's relationship with her sister, her fiancé's family, and even the investigator.
We need to see with our own eyes and to hear with our own ears to be convinced. Documentaries often rely on interviews to reconstruct the past. But nevertheless, memories can be modified and spoken words can be interpreted. As people tend to describe things from their subjective point of view, in what form does the reality exist? Under the banner of "memory", six documentaries based on the interviews are selected in this category, showing us where the montage cut between memories and records would lead the reality to.