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After the DPP was officially formed in 1986, the government on the one hand announced its willingness to lift martial law and the ban on political parties, yet on the other hand wished to supplant these restrictions with a National Security Act. Opposition parties demanded a full return to rule according to the constitution. This film documents their struggle before martial law was lifted.
In the 1980s, the KMT regime had relocated to Taiwan for over thirty years. The mainland Chinese soldiers who arrived with its troops never stopped being homesick but were deprived of the rights to even write a letter home. A group of veterans founded the Association for Mainlanders’ Homecoming, demanding their basic human rights to return home and visit their family.
In 1985, US company DuPont received permission from the Ministry of Economic Affairs to set up a titanium dioxide plant near Lukang, Changhua County. The local residents held a series of protests against the plan, even one in front of the presidential office. This rising community consciousness, combined with a growing environmental awareness, ultimately drove DuPont out of the region.
On 3 September 1986, the Taipei District Court disregarded LIN Cheng-chieh’s legislative immunity and sentenced him to eighteen months in prison on charges of defamation. LIN decided not to challenge the ruling; he broke through police barricades and angrily threw a bell towards the presidential office, signifying the death knell of justice. He then began a 12-day protest on the streets.
On 27 February 1987, residents of Shui Yuan Village barricaded the front gate of LCY Chemical Corp factory, who was polluting the groundwater. On the 100th day of their protest, Hsinchu Mayor promised to have police stationed there. But the factory tried to secretly ship out their product. Pushed to the limit, the villagers built a wall with concrete and vowed never to be fooled again.
protest against the government’s indifference to farmers’ rights. Some farmers clashed with the police when trying to enter for restroom. Several were arrested, leading to fiercer clashes. Protesters demanding the release of the arrested were dispersed with baton and water cannon.
This film was produced for a briefing to the Ministry of Economic Affairs by the people of Houjin opposing China Petroleum Company’s fifth naphtha cracker plant. It brings together scenes of pollutions caused by the CPC over the previous year, interviews of the people affected, and footage of a series of protests, including that of the residents carrying coffins to the CPC facilities.
On 1 July 1988, the government announced a nationwide increase for intercity bus fares to fully implement the Labour Standards Act. In protest of their employer, who tried to pocket the extra profit, members of the Miaoli Transportation Union began a 23-day drivers’ strike in August. The Union’s demands were eventually accepted. It was the first legal strike in Taiwanese labour history.
Since the relocation of the KMT regime to Taiwan in 1949, the existing 1,300 KMT officials who fled China continued to hold office in Taiwan. Only 180 new seats were created. Taiwan’s ‘Non Re-elected Congress’ was an international political anomaly. The will of the people converged into a powerful force that began rapidly driving the country towards total congressional re-election.
Following the expansion of urban development, land prices in Taipei’s Shilin District soared exponentially. The Shinkong Textile plant in Shilin became the first to close down. Soon, its laid-off workers gathered for a street protest, singing popular songs with altered lyrics. As the battle wore on, they began a long-term protest in front of the Shinkong headquarters lasting for 76 days.
A Historic Misunderstanding?
Breaking News of 29th March
Far Eastern Textile Workers' Strike
Fighting the Fifth Naphtha Cracker Plant
From the Lifting of Martial Law to the National Security Act
Green TV's Inaugural Film
Labour's Battle Song (Laid-off Shinkong Textile Workers' Protest)
Lukang Residents' Anti-DuPont Movement
Military in Power, No Hope of Democracy
No Congressional Re-Election, No Hope for Taiwan
R.O.C. Government, Return Our Land!
September, Last Year (LIN Cheng-chieh's Street Protests)
The Battle between Shui Yuan Village and LCY Chemical Corp.
The Freedom to Return Home
The New Wave of Opposition Movements
The Taoyuan Airport Incident
To Die for Taiwan (Cheng Nan-jung's Funeral Procession and Chan I-hua's Self-Immolation)
To Win, You Must Fight (Miaoli Bus Drivers' Protest)
Why Aren’t You Angry (Wild Lily Movement)